Infection Prevention and Control

Infection prevention and control (IPAC) is an integral component of a workplace’s occupational health and safety program and effective strategies need to be in place for the safety and protection of workers.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) illustration

The Importance of Infection Prevention and Control


Over the past ten years, the health care delivery system has undergone enormous change. Often, service delivery has shifted to settings such as ambulatory clinics, work sites and clients’ homes. The historic separation between the activities of hospitals, nursing homes, physicians and other care providers have become increasingly blurred. Infection control practices must now encompass infections that clients may acquire as a result of their care or treatment — both in and outside of an acute care setting.

Infectious Disease Threat Organizational Risk Assessment (IDT ORA) Tool


In July 2016, the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care (MOHLTC) released a plan to build a more ready and resilient health system to respond to future infectious disease threats (IDTs). The aim of the plan is to help enable the systems, structures, skills and culture to maintain readiness and to protect health care workers (HCWs) and all Ontarians. 


Phase one of the MOHLTC’s provincial baseline requirements includes the completion of an annual organizational risk assessment (ORA). The ORA is not meant to duplicate the extensive knowledge, resources and tools related to routine practices, pandemic planning, and well established IPAC program components. Likewise, the ORA is not meant to replace specific MOHLTC directives issued in the event of an IDT in the province. 


PSHSA, in collaboration with the MOHLTC, established a multi-stakeholder expert advisory/working group to support the development of a practical and scalable tool for the acute care sector.


The IDT ORA Tool follows a six-step risk management process and is divided into two worksheets:

1) Risk Identification and Analysis Worksheet; and

2) Risk Assessment and Management Worksheet.


A fillable Word version of the tool is available, consolidated into one worksheet.  Note: The use of the tool is not mandatory.  


It is important for organizations that elect to use the tool for their annual ORA to read the supporting guide and customize the tool to reflect their workplace, as well as the corresponding hazards and risks of exposure.


ora resource manual

Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCov)


In January 2020, a novel (new) coronavirus (2019-nCoV) was identified as the cause of an outbreak of pneumonia originating in Wuhan, China. MOHLTC indicates that there is now evidence of human-to-human transmission of this virus.


The situation is rapidly evolving and Public Health Ontario and the Ministry of Health and Long Term Care (MOHLTC) is closely monitoring the outbreak, conducting surveillance and appropriate laboratory testing, and providing public health and infection control guidance.


For more information, visit Public Health Ontario and the Ontario Ministry of HealthClick here for information for health workers and health care employers.

PSHSA Resources


PPE Checklists


Before using our checklists, please read this essential Pre-Planning document.


When it comes to infectious diseases, personal protective equipment is just one important factor in protecting a worker. In times of crisis, sometimes things can be overlooked that can impact the worker, facility or even general population. These sector-specific checklists were designed to address the unique needs of: Acute Care and Emergency Medical Services. Using them in conjunction with the Pre-Planning document can eliminate risk of infection while ensuring your staff have the best possible protection.



Fast Facts


Learn more about the various elements of an effective and comprehensive infection prevention and control program.





Display your commitment to keeping workers safe from infectious diseases.


Entrepreneur blowing with a wipe at office

Entrepreneur blowing with a wipe at office

Gearing Up for Flu Season


Learn more about how you can help minimize the impacts of flu in your workplace.


Healthy Workers


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healthy worker graphic

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